ROBOTIC SURGERY IN PUNE
Robotic surgery, computer-assisted surgery, and robotically-assisted surgery are terms for technological developments that use robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures. Robotically-assisted surgery was developed to overcome the limitations of pre-existing minimally-invasive surgical procedures and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery.
What is Robotic Surgery?
In the case of robotically-assisted minimally invasive surgery, instead of directly moving the instruments, the surgeon uses one of two methods to control the instruments; either a direct telemanipulator or through computer control. A telemanipulator is a remote manipulator that allows the surgeon to perform the normal movements associated with the surgery whilst the robotic arms carry out those movements using end-effectors and manipulators to perform the actual surgery on the patient.
In computer-controlled systems, the surgeon uses a computer to control the robotic arms and its end-effectors, though these systems can also still use telemanipulators for their input. The resultant movements are smoother, more precise due to feedback-controlled motions that could be achieved by a human hand.
In the case of enhanced open surgery, autonomous instruments replace traditional steel tools, performing certain actions (such as rib spreading) with much smoother, feedback-controlled motions that could be achieved by a human hand.
The main object of such smart instruments is to reduce or eliminate the tissue trauma traditionally associated with open surgery without requiring more than a few minutes’ training on the part of surgeons.
Robotic surgery in the field of urology has become very popular, especially in the United States and now also in India. It has been most extensively applied for the treatment of prostate cancer because of difficult anatomical access. It is also utilized for kidney cancer surgeries and to a lesser extent cancer surgeries of the bladder. Dr. Jaydeep Date is trained in robotic surgery from the University of Southern California (USC) and Muljibhai Patel Urology Hospital Nadiad. Robotic surgery is now available in Pune and also at Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital for specific conditions.