Precautions After Kidney Transplant

The first few days after transplant

Depending on how properly your new kidney is running you may require to continue to restrict some foods for a small time. Your dietitian team will let you know if this is necessary. You must try to eat well during this period to help your wound heal. If you are getting it difficult to complete your meals inform the ward staff or the dietitian.

What to do when you go home

Once your organ is running properly you will no longer require to be on a specific diet but it is essential that you still watch what you eat and have a healthy balanced diet. This is especially important as your transplant medications can increase your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels. These medications can also reduce your bones so you want to have a good consumption of calcium and vitamin D.

PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN

1. WORK-OUT REGULARLY
Weight increase after kidney transplantation is normal. Several people have a better appetite after transplantation due to an improved sense of well-being and the steroid medication taken. Maintaining a healthy body weight in the Body Mass Index (BMI). Daily moderate work-out and an active lifestyle help maintain ideal body weight and blood pressure, which in turn staves off the risk of kidney problems.

2. STAY HYDRATED

Drinking enough liquids helps the kidneys to pass excess sodium, toxins, and urea from the body. Around four to five liters of liquids daily will decrease the risk of impaired kidney function.

3. MANAGE BLOOD PRESSURE

High blood pressure is known to be a major risk factor for kidney dysfunction. Lifestyle changes make a lot of difference in keeping your blood pressure levels within a normal range. Limiting excess salt diet also reduces your risk of producing high blood pressure. Managing blood pressure is very important both before and after transplantation. The doctor will decide how much sodium is best for kidney recipients.
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4. Maintain a healthy bone
A rapid decline in bone mineral density occurs in the early stage of a kidney transplant. Bone mineral density remains low even the rate of bone loss decelerate or cease after 3 years of transplant. Reduced calcium absorption due to Prednisone, hyperparathyroidism, abnormal vitamin D metabolism are the potential factors that further weaken the bone. There is an improved risk of bone decline for women, especially post-menopausal women.

5. Keep your food safe and maintain hygiene
Kidney transplantation recipients are more susceptible to food borne illness such as listeriosis as a result of their compromised immune system. Kidney recipients should follow the food safety precaution, for example, minimize or reduce raw food consumption like salad, raw fish and so on. Kidney recipients can consult a dietitian to learn more about food safety.

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