Anyone can develop kidney disease, regardless of the age
Kidney diseases may happen in all age groups. Except for the hereditary link, in many cases, kidney disabilities may have been generated by an underlying disease. Glomerulonephritis is a condition where the kidneys get inflamed/swollen. Diabetes (excess sugar in the blood) is one of the basic causes of kidney failure. Urinary tract infections when left untreated may lead to kidney infections and cause irreparable damage.
Renovascular diseases are marked by deposits in the inner lining of arteries and lead to narrowing and blockage. This affects the blood provide to the kidneys and reduced kidney function and failure. Urinary incontinence enhances the risk of urinary tract infections and consequently leads to decreased kidney function. Urinary reflux is seen in babies where there is a backflow of urine from the bladder into the kidneys. In addition to these causative conditions, there are also hereditary conditions alike polycystic kidney disorder that may lead to kidney dysfunction and failure.
The probable indications of kidney diseases are demoted the quantity of urine, swelling of your legs-ankles-feet from retention of fluids affected by the failure of your kidneys to eliminate water waste, shortness of breath, excessive drowsiness or fatigue, persistent nausea, confusion, pain or pressure in the chest and seizures.
KIDNEY DISEASES IN CHILDREN
Kids may improve kidney disease due to birth defects, genetic diseases, and infections. Renal agenesis is a situation where the baby is born with only one kidney. Renal dysplasia is a situation where the child is born with two kidneys with only one functioning. An ectopic kidney is a condition where the kidney is placed in an unusual position. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is hereditary and marked by the appearance of fluid-filled cysts/ unusual sacs. Hemolytic uremic syndrome and Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis are affected by bacterial viruses. The hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacterium found in meat, dairy products and juices. E. coli’s toxins may lead to kidney failure in some children.
KIDNEY DISEASES IN YOUNG ADULTS
Various types of kidney diseases are seen in young adults who are in the age group of 18 to 35. Polycystic kidney infection, also known as polycystic kidney syndrome and PKD, is a genetic disorder of renal cyst formation, and prominently found in young adults, children, and women. It is characterized by the presence of numerous tiny cysts in both kidneys. Goodpasture’s syndrome causes glomerulonephritis or acute or chronic infection of the renal glomeruli–the clusters of microscopic blood veins in the kidneys. IgA Nephropathy is a kidney disease marked by blood or protein in the urine. This kidney disease is very common in young adults.
KIDNEY DISEASES IN MIDDLE AND OLD AGED
Regularly, kidney diseases in middle and old aged are a fall-out of diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity. Gross neglect of diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity may start to chronic kidney disease, a situation when kidneys stop working and waste can no longer be extracted from the blood. Middle and old aged who already have kidney disease can slow down its progression with proper medication.
STEPS TO ENSURE HEALTHY KIDNEYS
Specific steps to follow to assure healthy kidneys include, checking blood sugar by medication-exercise-diet; controlling high blood pressure by healthy diet-exercise-medication; having kidney health check at regular intervals with close follow-up with the specialist urologist, visiting to urinary tract infections immediately; controlling blood cholesterol levels with diet and medications; drinking plenty of water; and having diet rich in fiber and less of fat and sugar.
Kidney diseases are considered as silent killers, as it is not different for kidneys to fail with no prominent symptoms at all. End-stage kidney diseases are treated with dialysis and kidney transplant. Older people are more at the risk of kidney diseases than children, young and middle-aged patients. However, by way of general health checks, adopting the fit lifestyle and urologist support, kidney diseases can be checked to ensure the healthy working of kidneys.